Dynamic Decoding Measures (DDM) Subtest
The CUBED assesses decoding and foundational code skills using the Dynamic Decoding Measures (DDM), which is comprised of three dynamic assessments with multiple levels (targets). The Dynamic Decoding Measures (DDM) use a ‘testing the limits’ or ‘test-teach-retest’ dynamic assessment process to identify a student’s current level of performance and learning potential for phonemic awareness, identification of words, letters, and sounds, and nonsense word decoding.
- The DDM is administered and scored in real-time.
- The DDM does not have specific grade levels for benchmark screening or progress monitoring.
- Students in preschool can be administered the same DDM measures as students in third grade (or higher). This is possible because of the range of target skills assessed within each of the DDM measures.