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PEARL screener

Meaningful early intervention starts with an accurate screener.

• Accurately predicts future decoding and comprehension difficulty in minutes. 
Sensitivity and specificity analyses of the PEARL across over 1000 students indicate that the Decoding and Language subtests yield sensitivity and specificity above 80%, and that these results can be obtained after a very brief screening process. 

• Reduces cultural and linguistic bias, accurately predicting of the information used to predict future reading and language difficulty for diverse children.  
Across culturally and linguistically diverse students (including Hispanic students, Native American students, and students from lower socio-economic backgrounds), the PEARL yielded sensitivity and specificity at or above 80%, indicating limited assessment bias and excellent predictive validity for a diverse group of students. 

• Informs present level of performance of decoding and academically related language ability.  
Results of the PEARL provide information on a student’s current ability to decode, and understand and use complex language.  

• Helps ascertain a student’s zone of proximal development and specific deficits and strengths related to decoding and language.  
Results of the PEARL help an interventionist understand how much support a student might need to successfully decode and understand and use complex language, and identify which specific intervention goals would be most appropriate for an individual student. 

An introduction to dynamic assessment

The Predictive Early Assessment of Reading and Language (PEARL) screener employs an innovative assessment approach referred to as dynamic assessment. Through dynamic assessment, the PEARL measures the construct of modifiability (the ability to learn something new) in the domains of decoding and literate (academic) language production and comprehension. 

In a single testing session (often under 10 minutes), examiners assess gains from pretest to posttest as well as the student’s response to quality teaching. The effects of teaching on a student’s decoding and language can be observed and measured, and the results reveal how easy or difficult it will likely be for a student to learn those skills. 

As a result, an estimation of a student’s need for intervention can be made quickly, without needing to monitor response to teaching over months or years. Dynamic assessment has shown promise for excellent prediction. When early identification is possible, earlier intervention and prevention are also possible.

What is particularly unique about the PEARL is that through the dynamic assessment process, actual measures of decoding and comprehension of literate language can be measured well before a student learns how to read. The PEARL was carefully designed so that its content reflects skills that students will need to master in school.

PEARL Stimulus Book

Dynamic Assessment of Decoding subtest 

The PEARL dynamic assessment of decoding subtest includes nonsense words that rhyme, allowing for both a phonological analysis and analogic decoding strategy. Nonsense words have been shown to be less culturally and linguistically biased and can be appropriate to use with culturally and linguistically diverse students. In a single test-teach-test session, examiners assess gains from pretest to posttest as well as the student’s response to quality teaching. The effects of teaching on a student’s decoding can be observed and measured, and the results reveal how easy or difficult it will likely be for a student to learn those skills. When early identification is possible, earlier intervention and prevention are also possible.

Dynamic Assessment of Language subtest 

The Dynamic Assessment of Language features narrative retell tasks that reflect language production and comprehension. Students’ narratives tend to follow a developmental pattern, with complexity increasing as students mature. Narratives across many cultures tend to follow a predictable pattern of organization. Narrative organization is comprised of elements often referred to as story grammar (i.e., story structure). Story grammar can be evaluated based on how clear and complete it is. Story grammar elements are combined to form episodes (plots). The key story grammar elements of a minimally complete episode include a problem, an attempt to solve the problem, and a consequence.